Knowledge Base

F

Cipher Suite: TLS_­ECDH_­ECDSA_­WITH_­RC4_­128_­SHA

Summary

code:
(0xc0, 0x02)
IANA Name:
TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA

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Components

C
Key Exchange Method
Name
static Elliptic-curve Diffie–Hellman (ECDH)
Security
Static Elliptic-curve Diffie–Hellman[521][522] key exchange is a variant of the Elliptic-curve Diffie–Hellman[490][491] key exchange protocol using elliptic-curve cryptography[259][260][261][262]. It has no forward secrecy[135][136][137][138], and does not protect past sessions against future compromises. If long-term secret keys or passwords are compromised, encrypted communications and sessions recorded in the past can be retrieved and decrypted. Leading client applications do not use this algorithm. Unless your application or requirements specifically call for their use, it is generally safer to avoid cipher suites that are not adopted and supported by a critical mass of the industry.
Recommendations
Remove the cipher suite from the list of cipher suites supported by your server or replace the cipher suite with it's Ephemeral Diffie-Hellman[142][143][144][145] version.
A+
Authentication Method
Name
Elliptic Curve Digital Signature Algorithm (ECDSA)
Security
Elliptic Curve Digital Signature Algorithm[21][22][23][24] is the elliptic-curve cryptography[259][260][261][262] based variant of the digital signature[231][232][233][234] names Digital Signature Algorithm[83][84][85][86][87][88] algorithm. It is considered secure [318][319] and gives better performance and smaller key sizes.
Recommendations
F
Encryption Type
Name
RC4-128
Security
Encryption algorithm Rivest Cipher 4[459][460][461][462] is a stream cipher[78][79] that is more malleable[158] than a block cipher[524][525][526][527]. It has multiple vulnerabilities[27][28][29][30][31] (eg: related-key attack[53], distinguishing attack[349], ...), so attacker can apply statistical analysis against it to recover the encrypted text.
Recommendations
Remove the cipher suite from the list of cipher suites supported by your server.
A+
Encryption Key Size
Name
128
Security
The symmetric key[193][194][195] withkey size[438] more than 128 bits as it is should be according to National Institute of Standards and Technology[428][429] so it is not vulnerable to preimage attack[215] and it cannreliably prove that message came from the stated sender (its authenticity) and has not been changed, so connection is not open for a man-in-the-middle attack[414].
Recommendations
Remove the cipher suite from the list of cipher suites supported by your server.
A-
Message Authentication Code
Name
SHA-1
Security
message authentication code[128][129][130][131] is a hashed message authentication code[418][419][420][421][422][423][424] which is considered secure[159], despite the fact that the underlayingcryptographic hash function[510][511][512][513] (Secure Hash Algorithm 1[204][205][206]) is considered insecure[370][371][372][373][374][375][376].
Recommendations
If your application or requirements specifically call for the use of a message authentication code[128][129][130][131] that does not provide authenticated encryption[563] prefer block cipher mode of operation[293][294][295][296][297] (eg: counter with CBC-MAC[266][267][268], Galois/Counter Mode[65][66][67][68] or message authentication code[128][129][130][131] (eg: Poly1305[289][290]) that proved authenticated encryption over the ones which does not provide it. In case of a hashed message authentication code[418][419][420][421][422][423][424] prefer message authentication code[128][129][130][131] based on Secure Hash Algorithm 2[71][72][73] over the ones based on Secure Hash Algorithm 1[204][205][206].